What are the four models of curriculum described in the article, and what are the main benefits and/or drawbacks of each?
Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be transmitted
- Known to be given out through a syllabus. Only gives you an outline to what content you are learning and doesn’t provide all the information.
Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends in students(product)
- Education is seen as a technical exercise, where objectives are set, and plan is drawn up, and then it’s applied so the outcomes are measured.
- influenced by the development of thinking and practice
- the students don’t learn from their mistakes
Curriculum as a process
- It is an active process and links with the practical form of reasoning set out by Aristotle.
- teacher enters the classroom with amore fully worked-through idea of what is about to happen
- Translates broad statements of intent into specific plans and actions
Curriculum as praxis
- In this approach the curriculum itself develops through the dynamic interaction of action and reflection
- a proposal for action which sets out essential principles and features of the educational encounter
- development of the process model
What model(s) of curriculum were prominent in your own schooling experience?
- Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be transmitted
- Curriculum as a product
In my school it was very basic, we have a syllabus handed out to us in the beginning of the year and we followed those guidelines throughout the year and the teacher would come to class every day and give the students a better understanding of the topic. Then we would have a test on the information after every unit and at the very end an Exam. Are marks would get handed back to us and we never got told why our answer were wrong and we would move forward in the content.
What did these models make possible/impossible in the classroom?
- social relationships
- the nature of the teacher- student relationship
- learning standards
- learning objectives
- units and lessons teachers teach
- assignments and projects given
- hidden curriculum
- schools as social change and social justice